Recently regular reader John Zande brought up the issue of panpsychism. Basically panpsychism is the position that conciousness is an inherent part of the universe. A modern advocate of panpsychism is Australian philosopher David J. Chalmer. In particular he has developed a theory of panprotopsychism. He explains his theory in the following article:
Panpsychism and Panprotopsychism by David J. Chalmers.